Voltage across an inductor

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

The current in a 28mH inductor is known to be −10A for t≤0and (−10cos(400t)−5sin(400t))e^(−200t) A for t≥0. Assume the passive sign convention. At what instant of time is the voltage across the inductor maximum? What is the maximum voltage?

2. Relevant equations

v(t) = L*di/dt

3. The attempt at a solution

v(t) is at a max when di/dt is max since L is constant.

Taking the derivative of the equation for t≥0, I have:

di/dt = 5000e^(-200t)*sin(400t)

Finding the maximum using my calculator, I found t = 0.0028 ms.

Plugging this back into di/dt, di/dt = 2569.8

v(0.0028) = 0.028 * 2569.8 = 72.3 V.

Now both of these answers are correct, but my question is there a better way to find t than just plugging it into my graphing calculator and using the built in function to find the maximum? Is there a way this can be solved on a basic/scientific calculator? I know I could take the 2nd derivative of i(t) and set it equal to 0 but there is an infinite number of roots for t<0 and a good number of them for t>0. My professor never solved a problem similar to this in class so I’m not sure what his method is.


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