In the experiment, charged oil droplets are suspended between two charged plates with a known electric field between them. In this way, the charge of each droplet can be calculated (the mass is known). The distance between the plates is given.
A graph of the voltage needed to bring each charge to equilibrium (to cancel out the gravitational force) as a function of the droplet’s mass is attached.
graph b: y=1.47x
graph c: y=1.96x
graph d: y=2.94x
2. Relevant equations
When each charge is in equilibrium, the upward electric force equals the gravitational force.
3. The attempt at a solution
In this way, I can find the charge on each series of droplets. It is evident from the graph that the charge is a quantum value. I am now asked to find the elementary charge from the data given. How do I do so? I have no idea how many excess electrons are on the droplets (The question states that the elementary charge is the charge of one electron).