# Hoop with backspin – Conservation of Angular Momentum

**1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data**

**2. Relevant equations**

L = Iw

v = wr

**3. The attempt at a solution**

Friction acts on the ball while it is skidding, but goes away when the hoop starts to roll, because the velocity is 0 at a point on the ground. This is when v = wr.

When skidding, friction decreases translational motion but the torque increases rotation.

When the ball starts to roll without slipping, its angular momentum will be its rotational and translational angular momentum:

L_f = Iw_f + mrv_f

At this point, since w_f = v_f/R, and I for a hoop = MR^2

L_f = MR^2*v_f/R + MRv_f = 2MRv_f

a. In the beginning, there is only rotational angular momentum. L_i = Iw_i

Since w_i = v_i/2R and I = MR^2,

L_i = MR^2*v_i/2R = MRv_i/2

Equating L_i = L_f

MRv_i/2 = 2MRv_f

v_f = v_i/4

b. Similarly, L_i = MR^2 *v_i/R = MRv_i

Equating angular momentums,

MRV_i = 2MRv_f

v_f = v_i/2

c. Similarly, L_i = MR^2 *2v_i/R = 2MRv_i

So 2MRv_i = 2MRv_f

v_f = v_i

So, my answer for a is correct, however for b and c, the final velocities are 0 and -v_i/2, respectively. Why?

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